Whenever we hear of an engagement ring we automatically think of a diamond ring. This is because diamond rings are so popular in engagement rings. They offer brilliant sparkle and mesmerizing aesthetic looks and are used in different jewelry including diamond earrings, pendants, rings, etc. Moreover, diamonds have applications in industrial sectors because of their hardness. You may know a lot of things about diamonds, but have you ever thought about how a diamond is made? Read below to find out interesting facts about the history and science of diamonds.
Formation Of Diamonds
Most of you might know that diamonds are made of pure carbon atoms. But do you know how diamonds are formed in nature? About 150 miles beneath the earth’s surface, diamonds are formed from carbon atoms compressed under intense pressure and high temperatures. Technically speaking, the pressure required is around 725,000 pounds per square inch and the temperature required is over 2000°F. These intense conditions make carbon atoms rearrange to form a diamond.
The First Discovered Diamonds
According to scholars, diamonds were first discovered in India in the 4th century BC. Back in that time, diamonds were gathered from rivers and other water bodies. Most of the diamonds were used by royalties for making their jewelry and the rest were transported through the Silk Route, a trade route connecting India and China to Europe.
Diamonds were mostly used for cutting metals, providing protection in battle, etc. Some believed that diamonds could cure diseases and can help to heal wounds. European jewelry makers started using diamonds in their jewelry after 1400.
Where Can You Find Diamonds Today?
Diamonds are more commonly found in areas that have previously experienced volcanic activity, such as the ocean floor. The more we learn, the easier it is to predict where new diamond discoveries will be made. Diamonds are frequently found in Africa, Russia, Australia, and Canada. Diamond mining is a very expensive process. Moreover, this process does impact the environment. For finding a carat of diamond, the miners have to move about 250 tons of earth.
About Ethical Mining
Ethical mining refers to the diamond mining process that exploits the least possible natural resources and that in which the mining laborers are not mistreated. Ethical diamond mining considers sustainability, but still, it is not possible to mine diamonds without environmental exploitation. If you are concerned about nature and want to be eco-friendly, you can choose lab-grown diamonds instead of natural diamonds.